Direct instruction is the use of straight forward teaching to help students understand a skill. It is often viewed as a teacher standing in front of a class presenting information.
- Explicit teaching
- Guest speakers
- That provide a non-interactive lecture to the students
- Students do handouts on their own
- Some forms of questions
- Drill and practice
- The most commonly used practice in the past
- Compare and contrast
- Specific guides for reading, viewing, listening, etc.
Indirect instruction is more inquiry-based and it allows students to dive into knowledge not explicitly being mentioned by the teacher.
- Reflective disucssion
- Case studies
- Using case studies with questions attached to them for students to answer
- Inquiry projects
- Concept mapping
- Cloze procedure
- Reading for meaning
- Providing students with literature and predetermined questions attached to guide student thinking and learning
Interactive instruction is heavily focused on discussion and peer sharing. Students learn from both their peers and their teachers and develop a variety of skills.
- Asking students open-ended questions during lesson activities
- Allowing students to tell you all of their understandings before diving into a topic from the beginning
- Cooperative or group learning
- Letting students work together to join their previous and newly learned knowledge
- Peer practice
Independent studies are lead by student interest. The teacher plays a limited role in the process and is viewed as more of a support.
- Self Reads
- Allowing students to read on their own and write their own responses to their reading based on what they think is important
- Reports/ research projects
- Could be inquiry-based where students have to research a topic of interest to them and use it to fill a report template
- Technology-assisted learning
- Resource- assisted learning
Experiential learning is the connection between curricular content and real-world experiences. This type of learning can be done both in and out of the classroom.
- Field trips
- Getting outside of the classroom and making curricular connections to the things around us. Practical learning
- Students try new things and work towards their goals. Inquiry-based.
- Model building